Sustainable biofuel
Biofuels, in the form of liquid fuels derived from plant materials, are entering the market, driven by factors such as oil price spikes and the need for increased energy security. However, many of the...
Sustainable biofuel - Wikipedia
Ethanol fuel in Brazil
Brazil is the world's second largest producer of ethanol fuel, and until 2010, the world's largest exporter. Together, Brazil and the United States lead the industrial production of ethanol fuel, acco...
Ethanol fuel in Brazil - Wikipedia
Low-carbon fuel standard
A low-carbon fuel standard (LCFS) is a rule enacted to reduce carbon intensity in transportation fuels as compared to conventional petroleum fuels, such as gasoline and diesel. The most common low-car...
BioEthanol for Sustainable Transport
BioEthanol for Sustainable Transport (BEST) was a four-year project financially supported by the European Union for promoting the introduction and market penetration of bioethanol as a vehicle fuel, a...
BioEthanol for Sustainable Transport - Wikipedia
History of ethanol fuel in Brazil
The history of ethanol fuel in Brazil dates from the 1970s and relates to Brazil’s sugarcane -based ethanol fuel program, which allowed the country to became the world's second largest producer of eth...
History of ethanol fuel in Brazil - Wikipedia
Food vs. fuel
Food versus fuel is the dilemma regarding the risk of diverting farmland or crops for biofuels production to the detriment of the food supply. The biofuel and food price debate involves wide-ranging v...
Food vs. fuel - Wikipedia
Flexible-fuel vehicles in Brazil
The fleet of flexible-fuel vehicles in Brazil is the largest in the world, and since their inception in 2003, a total of 20 million flex fuel cars and light trucks have been manufactured in the c...
Flexible-fuel vehicles in Brazil - Wikipedia
Indirect land use change impacts of biofuels
The indirect land use change impacts of biofuels, also known as ILUC, relates to the unintended consequence of releasing more carbon emissions due to land-use changes around the world induced by the ...
Indirect land use change impacts of biofuels - Wikipedia
Issues relating to biofuels
There are various social, economic, environmental and technical issues with biofuel production and use, which have been discussed in the popular media and scientific journals. These include: the effec...
Issues relating to biofuels - Wikipedia
Bioenergy
Bioenergy is renewable energy made available from materials derived from biological sources. Biomass is any organic material which has stored sunlight in the form of chemical energy. As a fuel it may ...
Bioenergy - Wikipedia
Sugarcane
Sugarcane is one of the several species of tall perennial true grasses of the genus Saccharum, tribe Andropogoneae, native to the warm temperate to tropical regions of South Asia, and used for sugar p...
Sugarcane - Wikipedia
Azeotropic distillation
In chemistry, azeotropic distillation is any of a range of techniques used to break an azeotrope in distillation. In chemical engineering, azeotropic distillation usually refers to the specific techn...
Ethanol fermentation
Alcoholic fermentation, also referred to as ethanol fermentation, is a biological process in which elements such as glucose, fructose, and sucrose are converted into cellular energy and thereby produc...
Ethanol fermentation - Wikipedia
Ethanol fuel energy balance
In order to create ethanol, all biomass needs to go through some of these steps: it needs to be grown, collected, dried, fermented, and burned. All of these steps require resources and an infrastructu...
Ethanol fuel energy balance - Wikipedia