Symbiosis
Symbiosis (from Greek σύν "together" and βίωσις "living") is close and often long-term interaction between two or more different biological species. In 1877, Albert Bernhard Frank used the word symbi...
Symbiosis - Wikipedia
National Geographic - Meet the Shrimp Clean-Up Crew
How do dirty fish get clean? By signaling to shrimp for help.
How a Guy From a Montana Trailer Park Overturned 150 Years of Biology
Biology textbooks tell us that lichens are alliances between two organisms—a fungus and an alga. They are wrong.
Scientists Like Barack Obama So Much That They Named A Parasite After Him
World, meet Baracktrema obamai, a deadly turtle pathogen named in honor of our current president. Believe it or not, it's supposed to be a compliment.
Toast the Bat Next Time You Sip Tequila
What do bats have to do with tequila? Quite a lot, it turns out. Up until recently, the lesser long-nosed bat was on the endangered species list. And it is the traditional pollinator of the blue ag…
New Snake Species With Pitch Black Eyes From The Andes Highlights Hidden Diversity
Extremely rare and hidden in the forests of the Andes, there are still new snake species left to find. This has recently been evidenced by the colubrid serpent, described for the first time in the pre...
Grabbing A Parasite By The Tail: U-M Team Solves "Jumping Gene" Mystery
Deep within your DNA, a tiny parasite lurks, waiting to pounce from its perch and land in the middle of an unsuspecting healthy gene. If it succeeds, it can make you sick. Like a jungle cat, this para...
Potential Vaccine Aims To Block Transmission Of Malaria Parasites
Vaccine candidate administered for the first time in humans in a phase I clinical trial led by Oxford University’s Jenner Institute, with partners Imaxio and GSK. Around half the world’s population is...
Meet the Parasites That Control Human Brains
With Halloween just around the corner, it’s time to enjoy some monster stories, and the scariest monsters of all are those that actually exist. Join us as we share tales of some of the creepiest para...
New Giant Tortoise Species Found In Galapagos
The discovery of the new species, detailed in a study reported today (Oct. 21) in the journal "PLOS ONE," is likely to help focus attention on the newly named Eastern Santa Cruz Tortoise (Chelonoidis ...
These ‘Zombie’ Bees Make The Flight Of The Living Dead
The parasitic fly that torments them seems to be spreading. When the parasitic fly Apocephalus borealis crosses paths with certain species of bee — increasingly, the european honey bee — it aggressive...
NOAA Declares Third Ever Global Coral Bleaching Event
As record ocean temperatures cause widespread coral bleaching across Hawaii, NOAA scientists confirm the same stressful conditions are expanding to the Caribbean and may last into the new year, prompt...
See The Giant Arctic Mosquitoes That Are Thriving In A Changing Climate
Scientists believe climate change may be affecting these bloodsucking insects. The Arctic mosquito, a larger, furrier version of the ubiquitous pests, are getting a longer breeding season as Arctic po...
Why Climate Change Is Pushing Earth's Boreal Forests To 'Tipping Point'
Boreal forests make up about 30 percent of the planet’s total forest area. Ecosystem scholars say that they are being threatened by warmer temperatures brought on by climate change. International poli...
Mutant Lice Resistant To Most Common Treatments Found In Atleast 25 States
At the beginning of the 2015-2016 school year means the beginning of a search for a new treatment against head lice. New research indicates that half of America is home to a form of head lice that is ...
Parasites
Parasitism is a non-mutual symbiotic relationship between species, where one species, the parasite, benefits at the expense of the other, the host. Traditionally parasite referred primarily to organis...
Parasites - Wikipedia
Ecosystem
An ecosystem is a community of living organisms (plants, animals and microbes) in conjunction with the nonliving components of their environment (things like air, water and mineral soil), interacting ...
Ecosystem - Wikipedia
Mutualism
Mutualism may refer to:
Symbiogenesis
Symbiogenesis, or endosymbiotic theory, is an evolutionary theory which explains the origin of eukaryotic cells from prokaryotes. It states that several key organelles of eukaryotes originated as symb...
Endosymbiotic theory
Symbiogenesis, or endosymbiotic theory, is an evolutionary theory which explains the origin of eukaryotic cells from prokaryotes. It states that several key organelles of eukaryotes originated as symb...
Endosymbiotic theory - Wikipedia
Black-ray goby
Stonogobiops nematodes, the Filament-finned prawn-goby or the black-ray Goby, is a species of marine goby native to the Indian Ocean and western Pacific Ocean from the Seychelles to the Philippines a...
Black-ray goby - Wikipedia
Cleaner fish
Cleaner fish are fish that provide a service to other fish species by removing dead skin and ectoparasites. This cleaning symbiosis is an example of mutualism, an ecological interaction that benefits...
Cleaner fish - Wikipedia
Clownfish
Video of a clownfish swimming around an anemone.Clownfish or Anemonefish are fishes from the subfamily Amphiprioninae in the family Pomacentridae. Thirty species are recognized, one in the genus Pre...
Clownfish - Wikipedia
Devil's garden
In myrmecology and forest ecology, a devil's garden (Kichwa: Supay chakra, Spanish: Jardin del Curupira) is a large stand of trees in the Amazon Rainforest consisting almost exclusively of a single sp...
Honeyguide
Honeyguides (family Indicatoridae) are near passerine bird species of the order Piciformes. They are also known as indicator birds, or honey birds, although the latter term is also used more narrowly...
Honeyguide - Wikipedia
Leafcutter ant
Leafcutter ants, a non-generic name, are any of 47 species of leaf-chewing ants belonging to the two genera Atta and Acromyrmex.These species of tropical, fungus-growing ants are all endemic to South ...
Leafcutter ant - Wikipedia
Lichen
A lichen is a composite organism that emerges from algae or cyanobacteria (or both) living among filaments of a fungus in a mutually beneficial (symbiotic) relationship. The whole combined life form h...
Lichen - Wikipedia
Orchid mycorrhiza
Orchid mycorrhizae are symbiotic relationships between the roots of plants of the family Orchidaceae and a variety of fungi. All orchids are myco-heterotrophic at some point in their life cycle. Orchi...
Pollinator
A pollinator is the biotic agent (vector) that moves pollen from the male anthers of a flower to the female stigma of a flower to accomplish fertilization or 'syngamy' of the female gametes in the ovu...
Pollinator - Wikipedia