The Republic (Plato)
The Republic (Greek: Πολιτεία, Politeia; Latin: De Republica) is a Socratic dialogue, written by Plato around 380 BC, concerning the definition of justice (δικαιοσύνη), the order and character of the ...
The Republic (Plato) - Wikipedia
Problem of universals
In metaphysics, the problem of universals refers to the question of whether properties exist, and if so, what they are. Properties are qualities or relations that two or more entities have in common...
Theory of Forms
Plato's theory of Forms or theory of Ideas asserts that non-material abstract (but substantial) forms (or ideas), and not the material world of change known to us through sensation, possess the highes...
Theory of Forms - Wikipedia
Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling
Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling ([ˈʃɛlɪŋ]; 27 January 1775 – 20 August 1854), later von Schelling, was a German philosopher. Standard histories of philosophy make him the midpoint in the developmen...
Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling - Wikipedia
Johann Gottlieb Fichte
Johann Gottlieb Fichte (/ˈfɪxtə/; [ˈjoːhan ˈɡɔtliːp ˈfɪçtə]; May 19, 1762 – January 27, 1814) was a German philosopher. He was one of the founding figures of the philosophical movement known as German...
Johann Gottlieb Fichte - Wikipedia
British Idealism
A species of absolute idealism, British idealism was a philosophical movement that was influential in Britain from the mid-nineteenth century to the early twentieth century. The leading figures in the...
British Idealism - Wikipedia
Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel
Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (/ˈheɪɡəl/; [ˈɡeɔɐ̯k ˈvɪlhɛlm ˈfʁiːdʁɪç ˈheːɡəl]; August 27, 1770 – November 14, 1831) was a German philosopher who was a major figure in German idealism. His histor...
Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel - Wikipedia
Immanuel Kant
Immanuel Kant (/kænt/; [ɪˈmaːnu̯eːl kant]; 22 April 1724 – 12 February 1804) was a German philosopher who is widely considered to be a central figure of modern philosophy. He argued that fundamen...
Immanuel Kant - Wikipedia
German idealism
German idealism was a speculative philosophical movement that emerged in Germany in the late 18th and early 19th centuries. It was a reaction against Immanuel Kant's Critique of Pure Reason and was cl...
German idealism - Wikipedia