Theory of religion
Sociological and anthropological theories about religion (or theories of religion) generally attempt to explain the origin and function of religion. These theories define what they present as universa...
Theory of religion - Wikipedia
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Having a religious experience activates the brain's "reward circuits" in the same way that love, sex, gambling, drugs and music do.
Marx's theory of alienation
Karl Marx's theory of alienation describes the estrangement (German: Entfremdung) of people from aspects of their human nature (Gattungswesen, “species-essence”) as a consequence of living in a societ...
Marx's theory of alienation - Wikipedia
Opium of the people
"Religion is the opium of the people" is one of the most frequently paraphrased statements of German economist Karl Marx. It was translated from the German original, "Die Religion ... ist das Opium de...
E. B. Tylor
Sir Edward Burnett Tylor (2 October 1832 – 2 January 1917), was an English anthropologist, the founder of cultural anthropology.Tylor is representative of cultural evolutionism. In his works Primitive...
E. B. Tylor - Wikipedia
The Golden Bough
The Golden Bough: A Study in Comparative Religion (retitled The Golden Bough: A Study in Magic and Religion in its second edition) is a wide-ranging, comparative study of mythology and religion, writt...
The Golden Bough - Wikipedia
Émile Durkheim
David Émile Durkheim ([emil dyʁkɛm] [dyʁkajm]; April 15, 1858 – November 15, 1917) was a French sociologist, social psychologist and philosopher. He formally established the academic discipline and —...
Émile Durkheim - Wikipedia
Sacred-profane dichotomy
The sacred–profane dichotomy is an idea posited by French sociologist Émile Durkheim, who considered it to be the central characteristic of religion: "religion is a unified system of beliefs and pract...
Collective effervescence
Collective effervescence (CE) is a sociological concept introduced by Émile Durkheim. According to Durkheim, a community or society may at times come together and simultaneously communicate the same t...
Sociological classifications of religious movements
Various classifications of religious movements have been proposed by scholars. In the sociology of religion, the most widely used classification is the church-sect typology. The typology states that ...
Sociology of Religion (book)
Sociology of Religion is a 1920 book by Max Weber, a German economist and sociologist. The original edition was in German.Max Weber studied the effects of religious action and inaction. He views relig...
Charismatic authority
Max Weber defined charismatic authority as "resting on devotion to the exceptional sanctity, heroism or exemplary character of an individual person, and of the normative patterns or order revealed or ...
The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism
The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism (German: Die protestantische Ethik und der Geist des Kapitalismus) is a book written by Max Weber, a German sociologist, economist, and politician...
The Religion of China: Confucianism and Taoism
The Religion of China: Confucianism and Taoism is a book written by Max Weber, a German economist and sociologist. It was first published in German under the title Konfuzianismus und Taoismus in 1915 ...
The Religion of India: The Sociology of Hinduism and Buddhism
The Religion of India: The Sociology of Hinduism and Buddhism is a book on the sociology of religion written by Max Weber, a German economist and sociologist of the early twentieth century. The origin...
Three-component theory of stratification
The three-component theory of stratification, more widely known as Weberian Stratification or Three Class System, was developed by German sociologist Max Weber with class, status and party as distinct...
Freud and religion
Sigmund Freud (1856–1939) deals with the origins and nature of religious belief in several of his books and essays. Freud regards God as an illusion, based on the infantile need for a powerful father ...
Future of an Illusion
The Future of an Illusion (German: Die Zukunft einer Illusion) is a 1927 book by Sigmund Freud, describing his interpretation of religion's origins, development, psychoanalysis, and its future. Fr...
Totem and Taboo
Totem and Taboo: Resemblances Between the Mental Lives of Savages and Neurotics (German: Totem und Tabu: Einige Übereinstimmungen im Seelenleben der Wilden und der Neurotiker) is a 1913 book by Si...
Totem and Taboo - Wikipedia
Moses and Monotheism
Moses and Monotheism (German: Der Mann Moses und die monotheistische Religion) is a 1939 book by Sigmund Freud, published in English translation in 1939.
Freud hypothesizes that Moses was not ...
Moses and Monotheism - Wikipedia
Oedipus complex
The term Oedipus complex (or, less commonly, Oedipal complex) denotes the emotions and ideas that the mind keeps in the unconscious, via dynamic repression, that concentrates upon a child's desire to ...
Oedipus complex - Wikipedia
Religious experience
A religious experience (sometimes known as a spiritual experience, sacred experience, or mystical experience) is a subjective experience which is interpreted within a religious framework. The concept ...
Religious experience - Wikipedia
Numinous
Numinous /ˈnjuːmɨnəs/ is an English adjective, taken from the Latin numen, used by some to describe the power or presence or realisation of a divinity.
The word was popularized in the early 20th c...
Eternal return (Eliade)
The "eternal return" is, according to the theories of the religious historian Mircea Eliade, a belief, expressed (sometimes implicitly, but often explicitly) in religious behavior, in the ability to r...
Hierophany
The term "hierophany" (from the Greek roots "ἱερός" (hieros), meaning "sacred" or "holy," and "φαίνειν" (phainein) meaning "to reveal" or "to bring to light") signifies a manifestation of the sacred....
Mircea Eliade
Mircea Eliade ([ˈmirt͡ʃe̯a eliˈade]; March 13 [O.S. February 28] 1907 – April 22, 1986) was a Romanian historian of religion, fiction writer, philosopher, and professor at the Univer...
Mircea Eliade - Wikipedia
E. E. Evans-Pritchard
Sir Edward Evan Evans-Pritchard (21 September 1902 – 11 September 1973), known as E. E. Evans-Pritchard, was an English anthropologist who was instrumental in the development of social anthropology. H...
E. E. Evans-Pritchard - Wikipedia
Clifford Geertz
Clifford James Geertz (August 23, 1926 – October 30, 2006) was an American anthropologist who is remembered mostly for his strong support for and influence on the practice of symbolic anthropology, ...
Clifford Geertz - Wikipedia
Thick description
In anthropology and other fields, a thick description of a human behavior is one that explains not just the behavior, but its context as well, such that the behavior becomes meaningful to an outsider....