Tone (linguistics)
Tone is the use of pitch in language to distinguish lexical or grammatical meaning – that is, to distinguish or to inflect words. All verbal languages use pitch to express emotional and other paralin...
Tone (linguistics) - Wikipedia
Phonetic transcription
Phonetic transcription (aka phonetic script or phonetic notation) is the visual representation of speech sounds (or phones). The most common type of phonetic transcription uses a phonetic alphabet, su...
Phonetic transcription - Wikipedia
Chadic languages
The Chadic languages are a branch of the Afroasiatic language family that is spoken in parts of the Sahel. They include 150 languages spoken across northern Nigeria, southern Niger, southern Chad, Cen...
Chadic languages - Wikipedia
Chinese language
Chinese /tʃaɪˈniːz/ (汉语 / 漢語; Hànyǔ or 中文; Zhōngwén) is a group of related but in many cases mutually unintelligible language varieties, forming a branch of the Sino-Tibetan language family. Chinese i...
Chinese language - Wikipedia
Hmong–Mien languages
The Hmong–Mien (also known as Miao–Yao) languages are a language family of southern China and Southeast Asia. They are spoken in mountainous areas of southern China, including Guizhou, Hunan, Yunnan, ...
Hmong–Mien languages - Wikipedia
Igbo language
Igbo (/ˈɪɡboʊ/; archaically Ibo /ˈiːboʊ/) (Igbo: Asụsụ Igbo), is the principal native language of the Igbo people, an ethnic group of southeastern Nigeria. There are approximately 24 million speakers...
Igbo language - Wikipedia
Karen languages
The Karen /kəˈrɛn/, or Karenic, languages are tonal languages spoken by some seven million Karen people. They are of unclear affiliation within the Sino-Tibetan languages. The Karen languages are wri...
Khoe languages
The Khoe languages are the largest of the non-Bantu language families indigenous to southern Africa. They were once considered to be a branch of a Khoisan language family, and were known as Central Kh...
Kuki-Chin–Naga languages
The Kuki-Chin–Naga languages are a geographic clustering of languages of the Sino-Tibetan family in James Matisoff's classification used by Ethnologue, which groups it under the non-monophyletic "Tibe...
Kx'a languages
The Kx'a languages, also called Ju–ǂHoan, are a family established in 2010 linking the ǂ’Amkoe (ǂHoan) language with the ǃKung (Juu) dialect cluster, a relationship that had been suspected for a decad...
Limburgish language
Limburgish, also called Limburgian or Limburgic (Limburgish: Lèmbörgs [ˈlembœrxs] Dutch: Limburgs [ˈlɪmbʏrxs], German: Limburgisch [ˈlɪmbʊʁɡɪʃ], French: Limbourgeois [lɛ̃buʁʒwa]), is a group of East L...
Limburgish language - Wikipedia
Loloish languages
The Loloish languages, also known as Yi in China and occasionally Ngwi (Bradley 1997) or Nisoic (Lama 2012), are a family of fifty to a hundred Sino-Tibetan languages. They are most closely related to...
Loloish languages - Wikipedia
Mande languages
The Mande languages are spoken in several countries in West Africa by the Mandé people and include Mandinka, Soninke, Bambara, Dioula, Bozo, Mende, Susu, and Vai. There are millions of speakers, chief...
Nadahup languages
The Nadahup languages, AKA Makú (Macú) or Vaupés–Japurá, form a small language family in Brazil, Colombia, and Venezuela. The name Maku is pejorative, being derived from an Arawakan word meaning "with...
Ndyuka language
Ndyuka /ᵊnˈdʒuːkə/, also called Aukan, Okanisi, Ndyuka tongo, Aukaans, Businenge Tongo, Eastern Maroon Creole, or Nenge is a creole language of Suriname, spoken by the Ndyuka people. Most of the 25 to...
Ndyuka language - Wikipedia
Niger–Congo languages
The Niger–Congo languages constitute one of the world's major language families, and Africa's largest in terms of geographical area, number of speakers, and number of distinct languages. They may cons...
Niger–Congo languages - Wikipedia
Nilo-Saharan languages
The Nilo-Saharan languages are a proposed family of African languages spoken by some 50 million people, mainly in the upper parts of the Chari and Nile rivers, including historic Nubia, north of where...
Nilo-Saharan languages - Wikipedia
Oto-Manguean languages
Oto-Manguean languages (also Otomanguean) are a large family comprising several families of Native American languages. All of the Oto-Manguean languages that are now spoken are indigenous to Mexico, b...
Oto-Manguean languages - Wikipedia
Punjabi language
Punjabi (/pʌnˈdʒɑːbi/; Gurmukhi: ਪੰਜਾਬੀ pañjābī; Shahmukhi: پنجابی, paṉjābī) is an Indo-Aryan language spoken by 102 million native speakers worldwide, making it the 10th most widely spoken lan...
Punjabi language - Wikipedia
Ripuarian
Ripuarian can refer to:
Ripuarian - Wikipedia
Tai–Kadai languages
The Tai–Kadai languages, also known as Daic, Kadai, Kradai, or Kra–Dai, are a language family of highly tonal languages found in southern China and Southeast Asia. They include Thai and Lao, the natio...
Tuu languages
The Tuu or Taa–ǃKwi (Taa–ǃUi, ǃUi–Taa, Kwi) languages are a language family consisting of two language clusters spoken in Botswana and South Africa. The relationship between the two clusters is not do...
Ubangian languages
The Ubangian languages form a fairly close-knit language family of some seventy languages centered on the Central African Republic. They are the predominant languages of the CAR, spoken by 2–3 million...
Vietic languages
The Vietic languages are a branch of the Austroasiatic language family. The branch was once referred to by the terms Việt–Mường, Annamese–Muong, and Vietnamuong; the term Vietic was proposed by Hayes...
Saya language
Saya (Sayanci) is a Chadic dialect cluster of Nigeria.
Central Sudanic languages
Central Sudanic is a family of about sixty languages which have been included in the proposed Nilo-Saharan language family. Central Sudanic languages are spoken in the Central African Republic, Chad, ...
Central Sudanic languages - Wikipedia
Sudanic languages
In early 20th century classification of African languages, Sudanic was a generic term for languages spoken in the Sahel belt, from Ethiopia in the east to Senegal in the west.
The grouping was bas...
Sudanic languages - Wikipedia
Kadu languages
The Kadu languages, also known as Kadugli–Krongo or Tumtum, are a small language family, once included in Kordofanian but since Thilo Schadeberg (1981) widely seen as Nilo-Saharan. However, there is l...