Tongva
The Tongva (/ˈtɒŋvə/ TONG-və) are those Native Americans who inhabited the Los Angeles Basin and the Southern Channel Islands, an area covering approximately 4,000 square miles (10,000 km). The T...
Tongva - Wikipedia
Puvunga
Puvunga (alternate spelling: Puvungna) is an ancient village and burial site thought to have once been populated by the Tongva (Gabrieliño) people, who are the indigenous inhabitants of the region ar...
Puvunga - Wikipedia
Archaic Southwest
The Archaic Southwest was the culture of the southwestern United States between 6500 BC and 200 AD (approximately).The Paleo-Indian tradition before that dates from 10,500 BC to 7500 BC. The Southwest...
Okowvinjha, California
Okowvinjha is a former Tongva (Fernandeño) Native American settlement in Los Angeles County, California.It was located near the Mission San Fernando Rey de España in the San Fernando Valley.
Okowvinjha, California - Wikipedia
Toviseanga, California
Toviseanga (Tobiscanga and Tuvasak) is a former Tongva-Gabrieleño Native American settlement in Los Angeles County, California. It was located at or near the Mission San Gabriel Arcángel - San Gabrie...
Toviseanga, California - Wikipedia
Gabrielino traditional narratives
The Tongva (/ˈtɒŋvə/ TONG-və) are those Native Americans who inhabited the Los Angeles Basin and the Southern Channel Islands, an area covering approximately 4,000 square miles (10,000 km). The T...
Gabrielino traditional narratives - Wikipedia
University High School (Los Angeles, California)
University High School, commonly known as "Uni", is a secondary school located in West Los Angeles, a district in Los Angeles, California, near the border of Santa Monica. University High is part of t...
University High School (Los Angeles, California) - Wikipedia
L. Frank
L. Frank (born 1952) is the nom d'arte of L. Frank Manriquez, a Tongva-Acjachemen artist, writer, tribal scholar, cartoonist, and indigenous language activist. She lives and works in Santa Rosa Califo...
L. Frank - Wikipedia
Sonagna, California
Sonagna is a former Tongva-Gabrieleño Native American settlement in Los Angeles County, California.It was located at White's Ranch.
Sonagna, California - Wikipedia
Saway-yanga, California
Saway-yanga is a former Tongva (Fernandeño) Native American settlement in Los Angeles County, California.It was located near Mission San Fernando Rey de España in the San Fernando Valley.
Saway-yanga, California - Wikipedia
Tongva language
The Tongva language (also known as Gabrielino or Gabrieleño) is a Uto-Aztecan language formerly spoken by the Tongva, a Native American people who live in and around Los Angeles, California. Tongva is...
Tongva language - Wikipedia
Toypurina
Toypurina (1760-1799) was a Tongva/Gabrieliño Native American medicine woman who opposed the rule of colonization by Spanish missionaries in California, and led an unsuccessful rebellion against them...
Cucamonga (former settlement), California
Cucamonga (also, Coco Mongo, Cucamungabit, and Cucomogna) is a former Tongva-Gabrieleño Native American settlement in Los Angeles County, California.Its precise location was in the San Gabriel Valley...
Cucamonga (former settlement), California - Wikipedia
Hahamog'na
The Hahamog'na, commonly anglicized to Hahamongna /hɑːˈhɑːməŋɡə/ and spelled Xaxaamonga in their native language, are a tribe of the Tongva people of California. Their language belongs to the Uto-Azte...
Sisitcanogna, California
Sisitcanogna is a former Tongva-Gabrieleño Native American settlement in Los Angeles County, California. It was located at 'Pear Orchard' in the San Gabriel Valley, possibly in the northeast Pasadena...
Sisitcanogna, California - Wikipedia
Uto-Aztecan
Uto-Aztecan or Uto-Aztekan /ˈjuːtoʊ.æzˈtɛkən/ is a Native American language family consisting of over 30 languages. Uto-Aztecan languages are found almost entirely in the Western United States and Mex...
Tongva people
The Tongva (/ˈtɒŋvə/ TONG-və) are those Native Americans who inhabited the Los Angeles Basin and the Southern Channel Islands, an area covering approximately 4,000 square miles (10,000 km). The T...
Tongva people - Wikipedia
Serra Springs (California)
Serra Springs is California Historical Landmark #522. It is located on the campus of University High School in Los Angeles, California, USA. The springs, called Kuruvungna by the native Gabrieleno Ton...
Serra Springs (California) - Wikipedia
Sibagna, California
Sibagna (also, Tobiscagna) is a former Tongva-Gabrieleño Native American settlement in Los Angeles County, California.It lay at an elevation of 430 feet (131 m). It was located at Mission San Gabriel...
Sibagna, California - Wikipedia
Serrano people
The Serrano are an indigenous people of California . They use the autonyms of Taaqtam, meaning "people"; Maarenga'yam, "people from Morongo"; and Yuhaviatam, "people of the pines." Today the Maarenga...
Serrano people - Wikipedia
Traditional narratives (Native California)
The traditional narratives of Native California are the folklore and mythology of the native people of California. For many historic nations of California, there is only a fragmentary record of their ...
Traditional narratives (Native California) - Wikipedia
Takic languages
The Takic languages are a putative group of Uto-Aztecan languages spoken by Californian Native Americans in southern California. The Takic languages appear to be two distinct branches of Uto-Aztecan,...
Takic languages - Wikipedia
Rancho El Escorpión
'Rancho El Escorpión was a 1,110-acre (4.5 km) Mexican land grant in present day Los Angeles County, California given in 1845 by Governor Pío Pico to three Chumash Native Americans - Odón Eusebia...
Rancho El Escorpión - Wikipedia
Tuyunga, California
Tuyunga is a former Tongva (Fernandeño) settlement in Los Angeles County, California.It was located near the original Los Encinos Rancho that became the Mission San Fernando Rey de España and near Sun...
Tuyunga, California - Wikipedia
Population of Native California
Estimates of the Native Californian population have varied substantially, both with respect to California's pre-contact count and for changes during subsequent periods. Pre-contact estimates range fro...
Population of Native California - Wikipedia
Suangna, California
Suangna (also, Shua-vit, Suagna, and Suang-na) is a former Tongva (Gabrieleño) Native American settlement in Los Angeles County, California. It was located near Palos Verdes or Cerritos, California.
Suangna, California - Wikipedia
Kowanga, California
Kowanga (also, Owongos) is a former Tongva (Fernandeño) Native American settlement, or ranchería, in the San Fernando Valley of Los Angeles, in Los Angeles County, California.It was located near the...
Kowanga, California - Wikipedia
Mission Indians
Mission Indians is a term for many indigenous peoples of California, primarily living in coastal plains, adjacent inland valleys and mountains, and on the Channel Islands in central and southern Calif...
Mission Indians - Wikipedia
Rancho La Tajauta
Rancho Tajauta was a 3,560-acre (14.4 km) Mexican land grant in present day Los Angeles County, California given in 1843 by Governor Manuel Micheltorena to Anastasio Avila. The grant was named ...
Nicoleño
The Nicoleño were a Uto-Aztecan Native American tribe who lived on San Nicolas Island, California. Juana Maria, the "Karana," was born before 1811 and was the last surviving Nicoleño when she died in...