Torture of witches
The witch trials in the early modern period, alternately known as the Great Witch Craze, were a period of witch hunts that took place across early modern Europe and the European colonies in North Amer...
Torture of witches - Wikipedia
European witchcraft
Belief in and practice of witchcraft in Europe can be traced to classical antiquity and has continuous history during the Middle Ages, culminating in the Early Modern witch hunts and giving rise to th...
European witchcraft - Wikipedia
Christian views on magic
Christian views on magic vary widely among denominations and among individuals. Some Christians actively condemn any form of magic as satanic, while others simply dismiss it as superstition. Conversel...
Medieval magic
Magic or sorcery is an attempt to understand and exploit supernatural forces, using rituals, symbols, actions, gestures and language. Modern Western magicians generally state magic's primary purpose t...
Medieval magic - Wikipedia
Renaissance magic
Renaissance humanism (15th and 16th century) saw a resurgence in hermeticism and Neo-Platonic varieties of ceremonial magic.
The seven artes magicae or artes prohibitae, arts prohibited by canon l...
Shamanism in Mediaeval and Early Modern Europe
Shamanism is a wide umbrella term for spiritual or ecstatic practices in pre-modern societies in the absence of organized religion.In prehistoric Europe, reconstruction of religious practices affords ...
Shamanism in Mediaeval and Early Modern Europe - Wikipedia
Medieval Inquisition
The Medieval Inquisition was a series of Inquisitions (Catholic Church bodies charged with suppressing heresy) from around 1184, including the Episcopal Inquisition (1184-1230s) and later the Papal In...
Medieval Inquisition - Wikipedia
Protests against witch trials (Early Modern period)
Throughout the era of the European witch trials in the Early Modern period, from the 15th to the 18th century, there were protests against both the belief in witches and the trials. Even those protest...
Protests against witch trials (Early Modern period) - Wikipedia
Witch-cult hypothesis
The witch-cult hypothesis is a discredited theory that the witch trials of the Early Modern period were an attempt to suppress a pre-Christian, pagan religion that had survived the Christianisation of...
Witch-cult hypothesis - Wikipedia
Lamia (mythology)
In ancient Greek mythology, Lamia (/ˈleɪmiə/; Greek: Λάμια) was a beautiful queen of Libya who became a child-eating daemon. Aristophanes claimed her name derived from the Greek word for gullet (λαιμό...
Lamia (mythology) - Wikipedia
Psychological theories of magic
Psychological theories of magic treat magic as a personal phenomenon intended to meet individual needs, as opposed to a social phenomenon serving a collective purpose.
Among the earliest psycholog...
Isaac Newton's occult studies
Isaac Newton produced many works that would now be classified as occult studies. These works explored chronology, alchemy, and Biblical interpretation (especially of the Apocalypse). Newton's scientif...
Isaac Newton's occult studies - Wikipedia
Magical thinking
Magical thinking is the attribution of causal relationships between actions and events which cannot be justified by reason and observation. In religion, folk religion, and superstitious beliefs, the c...
Magical thinking - Wikipedia
Strigoi
In Romanian mythology, strigoi (English: striga, poltergeist) are the troubled souls of the dead rising from the grave. Some strigoi can be living people with certain magical properties. Some of the p...
Strigoi - Wikipedia
Hermetic Qabalah
Hermetic Qabalah (from the Hebrew קַבָּלָה "reception" or "accounting") is a Western esoteric, occult and mystical tradition. It is the underlying philosophy and framework for magical societies such a...
Hermetic Qabalah - Wikipedia
Hecate
Hecate or Hekate (/ˈhɛkətiː, ˈhɛkɪt/; Greek Ἑκάτη, Hekátē) is a goddess in Greek religion and mythology, most often shown holding two torches or a key and in later periods depicted in triple form. Sh...
Hecate - Wikipedia
Mormo
In Greek mythology, Mormo (Greek: Μορμώ, Μορμών, Mormō) was a spirit who bit bad children, and was said to have been a companion of the goddess Hecate. The name was also used to signify a female v...
Strix (mythology)
Strix (pl. striges or strixes), in the Ancient Roman and Greek legends was a bird of ill omen, product of metamorphosis, that fed on human flesh and blood. The name, in Greek, means "owl".
They ar...
Witches' Sabbath
The Witches' Sabbath or Sabbat is a meeting of those who practice witchcraft and other rites.European records indicate cases of persons being accused or tried for taking part in Sabbat gatherings, fro...
Witches' Sabbath - Wikipedia
Western esotericism
The precise definition of Western esotericism is an area of continual debate, although it is generally accepted that it comprises mystical and magical ideas and movements focused on the pursuit of gno...
Western esotericism - Wikipedia
Shamanism
Shamanism (/ˈʃɑːmən/ SHAH-mən or /ˈʃeɪmən/ SHAY-mən) is a practice that involves a practitioner reaching altered states of consciousness in order to encounter and interact with the spirit world and ch...
Shamanism - Wikipedia
Witchcraft and divination in the Hebrew Bible
Various forms of witchcraft and divination in the Hebrew Bible are mentioned in a generally disapproving tone. The Masoretic Text of the Torah forbids:The exact difference between the three forbidden...
Witchcraft and divination in the Hebrew Bible - Wikipedia
History of astrology
Astrological beliefs in correspondences between celestial observations and terrestrial events have influenced various aspects of human history, including world-views, language and many elements of soc...
History of astrology - Wikipedia
Bronislaw Malinowski
Bronisław Kasper Malinowski /ˈbrɒnɨˌswɑːf ˈkæspər ˌmælɨˈnɒfski/ ([ˌmaliˈnɔfski]; 1884–1942) was a Polish anthropologist, one of the most important 20th-century anthropologists. He has been also referr...
Bronislaw Malinowski - Wikipedia
Myth and ritual
In traditional societies, myth and ritual are two central components of religious practice. Although myth and ritual are commonly united as parts of religion, the exact relationship between them has b...
Early Christianity
Early Christianity is the period of Christianity preceding the First Council of Nicaea in 325. It is typically divided into the Apostolic Age and the Ante-Nicene Period (from the Apostolic Age until N...
Early Christianity - Wikipedia
Empusa
Empusa (Ancient Greek: Ἔμπουσα, Empousa, of unknown meaning) is a demigoddess of Greek mythology. In later incarnations she appeared as a species of monsters commanded by Hecate (known in English...
Natural magic
Natural magic in the context of Renaissance magic is that part of the occult which deals with natural forces directly, as opposed to ceremonial magic, in particular goety and theurgy, which deals with...
Magician (paranormal)
A magician is a practitioner of magic that has the ability to attain objectives or acquire knowledge (and, or) wisdom using supernatural means.Some modern magicians, such as Aleister Crowley and those...
Magician (paranormal) - Wikipedia
Christian views on witchcraft
Christian views on magic vary widely among denominations and among individuals. Some Christians actively condemn any form of magic as satanic, while others simply dismiss it as superstition. Conversel...