Translation (biology)
In molecular biology and genetics, translation is the process in which cellular ribosomes create proteins.In translation, messenger RNA (mRNA)—produced by transcription from DNA—is decoded by a riboso...
Translation (biology) - Wikipedia
Tracing Our 'Tree Of Life' To Its Roots: 3.8 Billion-Year-Old Molecule Reveals Clues About How Life On Earth Began...And It Could Help Us Find Aliens On Other Planets
By studying molecules in living human cells, researchers believe they have been able to trace the evolution of biology back to its roots. Experts from Georgia Institute of Technology have discovered t...
“Freezing A Bullet” To Find Clues To Ribosome Assembly Process
Ribosomes are vital to the function of all living cells. Using the genetic information from RNA, these large molecular complexes build proteins by linking amino acids together in a specific order. Sci...
Transfer RNA
Transfer RNA.
Ribosome
The job of the mRNA is to carry the gene's message from the DNA out of the nucleus to a ribosome for production of the particular protein that this gene code...
mRNA Translation (Advanced)
The job of the mRNA is to carry the gene's message from the DNA out of the nucleus to a ribosome for production of the particular protein that this gene code...
Messenger RNA
Messenger RNA (mRNA) is a large family of RNA molecules that convey genetic information from DNA to the ribosome, where they specify the amino acid sequence of the protein products of gene expression....
Ribosome
The ribosome is a large and complex molecular machine, found within all living cells, that serves as the site of biological protein synthesis (translation). Ribosomes link amino acids together in the ...
Ribosome - Wikipedia
Transfer RNA
A transfer RNA (abbreviated tRNA and archaically referred to as sRNA, for soluble RNA) is an adaptor molecule composed of RNA, typically 76 to 90 nucleotides in length, that serves as the physical lin...
Transfer RNA - Wikipedia
Tracing Our 'Tree Of Life' To Its Roots: 3.8 Billion-Year-Old Molecule Reveals Clues About How Life On Earth Began...And It Could Help Us Find Aliens On Other Planets
By studying molecules in living human cells, researchers believe they have been able to trace the evolution of biology back to its roots. Experts from Georgia Institute of Technology have discovered t...
Mammalian CPEB3 ribozyme
The mammalian CPEB3 ribozyme is a self cleaving non-coding RNA located in the second intron of the CPEB3 gene which belongs to a family of genes regulating messenger RNA polyadenylation. This ribozyme...
Mammalian CPEB3 ribozyme - Wikipedia
Ribozyme
Ribozymes (ribonucleic acid enzymes), also termed catalytic RNA, are RNA molecules that are capable of catalyzing specific biochemical reactions, similar to the action of protein enzymes. The 1982 dis...
Ribozyme - Wikipedia
Nonsense-mediated decay
Nonsense-mediated mRNA decay (NMD) is a surveillance pathway that exists in all eukaryotes. Its main function is to reduce errors in gene expression by eliminating mRNA transcripts that contain premat...
Central dogma of molecular biology
The central dogma of molecular biology is an explanation of the flow of genetic information within a biological system. It was first stated by Francis Crick in 1956 and re-stated in a Nature paper pub...
Central dogma of molecular biology - Wikipedia
Polyadenylation
Polyadenylation is the addition of a poly(A) tail to a messenger RNA. The poly(A) tail consists of multiple adenosine monophosphates; in other words, it is a stretch of RNA that has only adenine bases...
Polyadenylation - Wikipedia
Amino acid
Amino acids (/əˈmiːnoʊ/, /əˈmaɪnoʊ/, or /ˈæmɪnoʊ/) are biologically important organic compounds composed of amine (-NH2) and carboxylic acid (-COOH) functional groups, along with a side-chain specific...
Amino acid - Wikipedia
Ribosome Nascent chain Complex
Ribosome-nascent chain complex (RNC) refers to the collection of molecules that constitute a ribosome attached to the polypeptide (protein) that it is synthesising. The synthesis of the nascent polype...
Ribosome Nascent chain Complex - Wikipedia
Ribosomal RNA
In molecular biology, ribosomal ribonucleic acid (rRNA) is the RNA component of the ribosome, and is essential for protein synthesis in all living organisms. It constitutes the predominant material wi...
Ribosomal RNA - Wikipedia
Transcription (genetics)
Transcription is the first step of gene expression, in which a particular segment of DNA is copied into RNA by the enzyme RNA polymerase.Both RNA and DNA are nucleic acids, which use base pairs of nuc...
Transcription (genetics) - Wikipedia
Ribonucleoprotein
Ribonucleoprotein (RNP) is a nucleoprotein that contains RNA, i.e. it is an association that combines ribonucleic acid and protein together (referred also as protein-RNA complexes). A few known exampl...
Ribonucleoprotein - Wikipedia
Hepatitis delta virus ribozyme
The hepatitis delta virus (HDV) ribozyme is a non-coding RNA found in the hepatitis delta virus that is necessary for viral replication and is thought to be the only catalytic RNA known to be required...
Hepatitis delta virus ribozyme - Wikipedia
Hammerhead ribozyme
The hammerhead ribozyme is a RNA molecule motif that catalyzes reversible cleavage and joining reactions at a specific site within an RNA molecule. It serves as a model system for research on the stru...
Hammerhead ribozyme - Wikipedia
Hairpin ribozyme
The hairpin ribozyme is a small section of RNA that can act as an enzyme known as a ribozyme. Like the hammerhead ribozyme it is found in RNA satellites of plant viruses. It was first identified in th...
Hairpin ribozyme - Wikipedia
Database for bacterial group II introns
The Database for Bacterial Group II Introns is a repository of full-length, non-redundant group II introns present in bacterial DNA sequence.
Group II intron
Group II introns are a large class of self-catalytic ribozymes as well as mobile genetic element found within the genes of all three domains of life. Ribozyme activity (e.g., Self-splicing) can occur ...
Group II intron - Wikipedia
GlmS glucosamine-6-phosphate activated ribozyme
The Glucosamine-6-phosphate activated ribozyme ( glmS ribozyme) is an RNA structure that is both a ribozyme, since it catalyzes a chemical reaction, and a riboswitch, since it regulates genes in respo...
GlmS glucosamine-6-phosphate activated ribozyme - Wikipedia
5' UTR
The 5' untranslated region (5′ UTR) (also known as a Leader Sequence or Leader RNA) is the region of an mRNA that is directly upstream from the initiation codon. This region is important for the regul...
5' UTR - Wikipedia
Group III intron
Group III intron is a class of introns found in mRNA genes of chloroplasts in euglenid protists. They have a conventional group II-type dVI with a bulged adenosine, a streamlined dI, no dII-dV, and a ...
GISSD
The Group I Intron Sequence and Structure Database (GISSD) is a database of Group I catalytic intron.
Translation
Translation is the communication of the meaning of a source-language text by means of an equivalent target-language text. Whereas interpreting undoubtedly antedates writing, translation began only aft...