Transmembrane potential difference
Membrane potential (also transmembrane potential or membrane voltage) is the difference in electric potential between the interior and the exterior of a biological cell. With respect to the exterior o...
Transmembrane potential difference - Wikipedia
Dawn Of A New Era: The Revolutionary Ion Engine That Took Spacecraft To Ceres
The NASA spacecraft Dawn has spent more than seven years travelling across the Solar System to intercept the asteroid Vesta and the dwarf planet Ceres. Now in orbit around Ceres, the probe has returne...
Activation of a Neuron - YouTube
Activation of a Neuron.
Voltage
Voltage or electric potential tension (denoted ∆V or ∆U and measured in units of electric potential: volts, or joules per coulomb) is the electric energy charge difference of electric potential energy...
Voltage - Wikipedia
Ion
An ion (/ˈaɪən, -ɒn/) is an atom or molecule in which the total number of electrons is not equal to the total number of protons, giving the atom or molecule a net positive or negative electrical charg...
Ion - Wikipedia
Diffusion
Time lapse video of diffusion of a dye dissolved in water into a gel.Diffusion is the net movement of a substance (e.g., an atom, ion or molecule) from a region of high concentration to a region of ...
Diffusion - Wikipedia
Electrochemical gradient
An electrochemical gradient is a gradient of electrochemical potential, usually for an ion that can move across a membrane. The gradient consists of two parts, the electrical potential and a differenc...
Electrophoretic mobility
Electrophoresis is the motion of dispersed particles relative to a fluid under the influence of a spatially uniform electric field. This electrokinetic phenomenon was observed for the first time in 18...
Ion transporter
In biology, an ion transporter, also called an ion pump, is a transmembrane protein that moves ions across a plasma membrane against their concentration gradient, in contrast to ion channels, where io...
Active transport
Active transport is the movement of molecules across a cell membrane in the direction against their concentration gradient, i.e. moving from an area of lower concentration to an area of higher concent...
Ion channel
Ion channels are pore-forming membrane proteins whose functions include establishing a resting membrane potential, shaping action potentials and other electrical signals by gating the flow of ions acr...
Ion channel - Wikipedia
Passive transport
Passive transport is a movement of biochemicals and other atomic or molecular substances across cell membranes. Unlike active transport, it does not require an input of chemical energy, being driven b...
Passive transport - Wikipedia
GRINL1B
Glutamate receptor, ionotropic, N-methyl D-aspartate-like 1B, also known as GRINL1B, is a human gene. The protein encoded by this gene is a subunit of the NMDA receptor.
SCN3A
Sodium channel, voltage-gated, type III, alpha subunit (SCN3A) is a protein that in humans is encoded by the Nav1.3 gene.Voltage-gated sodium channels are transmembrane glycoprotein complexes compose...
SCN3A - Wikipedia
CLCA2
Calcium-activated chloride channel regulator 2 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the CLCA2 gene.The protein encoded by this gene belongs to the calcium sensitive chloride conductance protein f...
CLCA2 - Wikipedia
Metallate
Metallate is the name given to any complex anion containing a metal ligated to several atoms or small groups. The spelling metalate is almost as common.Typically, the metal will be one of the transiti...
CHRNA4
Neuronal acetylcholine receptor subunit alpha-4 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the CHRNA4 gene.The nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) are members of a superfamily of ligand-gated io...
CHRNA4 - Wikipedia
Cyclic nucleotide-gated channel alpha 4
Cyclic nucleotide-gated cation channel alpha-4 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the CNGA4 gene.CNGA4 is a modulatory subunit of vertebrate cyclic nucleotide-gated membrane channels that trans...
Effective diffusion coefficient
The effective diffusion coefficient (also referred to as the apparent diffusion coefficient) of a diffusant in atomic diffusion of solid polycrystalline materials like metal alloys is often represente...
Cell membrane
The cell membrane (also known as the plasma membrane or cytoplasmic membrane) is a biological membrane that separates the interior of all cells from the outside environment. The cell membrane is sele...
Cell membrane - Wikipedia
KCNF1
Potassium voltage-gated channel subfamily F member 1 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the KCNF1 gene. The protein encoded by this gene is a voltage-gated potassium channel subunit.
Ion beam
An ion beam is a type of charged particle beam consisting of ions. Ion beams have many uses in electronics manufacturing (principally ion implantation) and other industries. A variety of ion beam sou...
Streamline diffusion
Streamline diffusion, given an advection-diffusion equation, refers to all diffusion going on along the advection direction.
If we take an advection equation, for simplicity of writing we have ass...
KCNV2
Potassium voltage-gated channel subfamily V member 2 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the KCNV2 gene. The protein encoded by this gene is a voltage-gated potassium channel subunit.
GABRB1
Gamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit beta-1 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the GABRB1 gene.
The gamma-aminobutyric acid A receptor (GABAA receptor) is a multisubunit chloride channe...
KCNK1
Potassium channel subfamily K member 1 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the KCNK1 gene.This gene encodes K2P1.1, a member of the superfamily of potassium channel proteins containing two pore-...
KCNK1 - Wikipedia
Transient receptor potential channel
Transient receptor potential channels (TRP channels) are a group of ion channels located mostly on the plasma membrane of numerous animal cell types. There are about 28 TRP channels that share some s...
Transient receptor potential channel - Wikipedia
Alpha-4 beta-2 nicotinic receptor
The alpha-4 beta-2 nicotinic receptor, also known as the α4β2 receptor, is a type of nicotinic acetylcholine receptor implicated in learning, consisting of α4 and β2 subunits. It is located in the bra...
Calcium-activated potassium channel
Calcium-activated potassium channels are divided into BK channels, IK channels, and SK channels based on their conductance (big, intermediate, and small conductance).This family of ion channels is, fo...
KCNA2
Potassium voltage-gated channel subfamily A member 2 also known as Kv1.2 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the KCNA2 gene.Potassium channels represent the most complex class of voltage-gated i...
KCNA2 - Wikipedia