Numbered Treaties
The Numbered Treaties (or Post-Confederation Treaties) are a series of eleven treaties signed between the Aboriginal peoples in Canada (or First Nations) and the reigning monarch of Canada (Victoria, ...
Numbered Treaties - Wikipedia
Treaty 10
Treaty 10 was an agreement established beginning 19 August 1906, between King Edward VII and various First Nations in northern Saskatchewan and a small portion of eastern Alberta. There were no Albert...
Blackfoot Crossing
Blackfoot Crossing Historical Park is a complex of historic sites on the Siksika 146 Indian reserve in Alberta, Canada. This crossing of the Bow River was traditionally a bison-hunting and gathering ...
Blackfoot Crossing - Wikipedia
Drum Creek Treaty
The Drum Creek Treaty came about from the controversy over the Sturges Treaty of 1868. The Sturges Osage Treaty was a treaty negotiated between the United States and the Osage Nation in 1868. The tr...
Great Britain in the Seven Years War
Great Britain was one of the major participants in the Seven Years' War which lasted between 1756 and 1763. Britain emerged from the war as the world's leading colonial power, having gained a number o...
Great Britain in the Seven Years War - Wikipedia
James Bay and Northern Quebec Agreement
The James Bay and Northern Quebec Agreement was an Aboriginal land claim settlement, approved in 1975 by the Cree and Inuit of northern Quebec, and later slightly modified in 1978 by the Northeastern...
James Bay and Northern Quebec Agreement - Wikipedia
Nisga'a Final Agreement
The Nisga'a Final Agreement, also known as the Nisga'a Treaty, is a treaty settled between the Nisg̱a'a, the government of British Columbia, and the Government of Canada. As part of the settlement in...
Dunmore's War
Lord Dunmore's War — or Dunmore's War — was a 1774 conflict between the Colony of Virginia and the Shawnee and Mingo American Indian nations. The Governor of Virginia during the conflict was John Mu...
Dunmore's War - Wikipedia
Treaty with Choctaws and Chickasaws
The Treaty with Choctaws and Chickasaws was a treaty signed on July 12, 1861 between the Choctaw and Chickasaw (American Indian) and the Confederate States of America. At the beginning of the American...
Treaty with Choctaws and Chickasaws - Wikipedia
Nunavut Land Claims Agreement
The Nunavut Land Claim Agreement was signed on May 25, 1993, in Iqaluit by representatives of the Tungavik Federation of Nunavut, the Government of Canada and the Government of the Northwest Territori...
Treaty of St. Peters
Treaty of St. Peters may be one of two treaties conducted between the United States and Native American peoples, conducted at the confluence of the Minnesota River (then called "St. Peters River") wit...
Treaty of St. Peters - Wikipedia
Treaty 5
Treaty 5 is a treaty that was first established in September, 1875, between Queen Victoria and Saulteaux and Swampy Cree non-treaty tribes and peoples around Lake Winnipeg in the District of Keewatin...
Camp Napoleon Council
The Camp Napoleon Council was a meeting of a number of indigenous tribes in Oklahoma that resulted in an intertribal compact. The council was held at Cottonwood Camp on May 24, 1865 near present day ...
Treaty of Hard Labour
In an effort to resolve concerns of settlers and land speculators following the western boundary established by the Royal Proclamation of 1763 by King George III, it was desired to move the boundary f...
Treaty of Fort Stanwix
The Treaty of Fort Stanwix was a treaty between North American Indians and Great Britain, signed in 1768 at Fort Stanwix, in present-day Rome, New York. It was negotiated between Sir William Johnson, ...
Treaty of Fort Stanwix - Wikipedia
Treaty 4
Treaty 4 is a treaty established between Queen Victoria and the Cree and Saulteaux First Nations. The area covered by Treaty 4 represents most of current day southern Saskatchewan, plus small portions...
Treaty 3
Treaty 3 was an agreement entered into on October 3, 1873, by the Ojibwe Nation and Queen Victoria. The treaty ceded a vast tract of Ojibwe territory, including large parts of what is now northwester...
Transylvania (colony)
The Transylvania Colony was a short-lived, extra-legal colony founded during 1775 by land speculator Richard Henderson, who controlled the North Carolina based Transylvania Company. Henderson and his ...
Transylvania (colony) - Wikipedia
Lake Simcoe–Lake Huron Purchase
The Lake Simcoe–Lake Huron Purchase, registered as Crown Treaty Number Sixteen, was signed November 18, 1815 between the Ojibwa and the government of Upper Canada. It purchased a large portion of the ...
Douglas Treaties
The Douglas Treaties, also known as the Vancouver Island Treaties or the Fort Victoria Treaties, were a series of treaties signed between certain indigenous groups on Vancouver Island and the Colony o...
Douglas Treaties - Wikipedia
Treaty 9
Treaty 9 was an agreement established in July 1905, between the Government of Canada in the name of King Edward VII and various First Nations in northern Ontario. One First Nation community in the bor...
Treaty 9 - Wikipedia
Saugeen Tract Agreement
Saugeen Tract Agreement, registered as Crown Treaty Number 45⁄2, was signed August 9, 1836 between the Saugeen Ojibwa and Ottawa and the government of Upper Canada. Conducted on the Manitoulin I...
Chickasaw
The Chickasaw are an indigenous people of the Southeastern Woodlands. Their traditional territory was in the Southeastern United States of Mississippi, Alabama, and Tennessee. They are of the Muskogea...
Chickasaw - Wikipedia
Treaty of Casco (1678)
Treaty of Casco (1678) brought to a close the war between the eastern Indians and the English settlers of Massachusetts Bay Colony. The treaty sought to re-establish the friendly relations between the...
Reconstruction Treaties
On the eve of the American Civil War in 1861, a significant number of Indigenous peoples of the Americas had been relocated from the Southeastern United States to Indian Territory, west of the Mississ...
Beaver Wars
The Beaver Wars—also known as the Iroquois Wars or the French and Iroquois Wars—encompass a series of conflicts fought in the mid-17th century in eastern North America.Encouraged and armed by their Du...
Beaver Wars - Wikipedia
Treaty 11
Treaty 11, the last of the Numbered Treaties, was an agreement established between 1921 and 1922 between King George V and various First Nations in what is today the Northwest Territories.Henry Anthon...
Treaty of Lochaber
Following the Treaty of Fort Stanwix in November of 1768, which established the boundary lines to the north of Virginia, Lord Shelburne in London was anxious to settle disputes along the western front...