Troposphere
The troposphere is the lowest portion of Earth's atmosphere. It contains approximately 75% of the atmosphere's mass and 99% of its water vapour and aerosols.The average depth of the troposphere is app...
Troposphere - Wikipedia
Lapse rate
The lapse rate is defined as the rate at which atmospheric temperature decreases with increase in altitude. The terminology arises from the word lapse in the sense of a decrease or decline. While mos...
Tropopause
The tropopause is the boundary in the Earth's atmosphere between the troposphere and the stratosphere.
Going upward from the surface, it is the point where air ceases to cool with height, and beco...
Tropopause - Wikipedia
Atmospheric circulation
Atmospheric circulation is the large-scale movement of air, and the means (together with the smaller ocean circulation) by which thermal energy is distributed on the surface of the Earth.The large-sca...
Atmospheric circulation - Wikipedia
Hadley cell
The Hadley cell, named after George Hadley, is a tropical atmospheric circulation that is defined by the average over longitude, which features rising motion near the equator, poleward flow 10–15 kilo...
Hadley cell - Wikipedia
Walker circulation
The Walker circulation, also known as the Walker cell, is a conceptual model of the air flow in the tropics in the lower atmosphere (troposphere). According to this model, parcels of air follow a clo...
Walker circulation - Wikipedia
Polar vortex
There are two polar vortices in the atmosphere of planet Earth, one around the North Pole, and one around the South Pole. Each polar vortex is a persistent, large-scale cyclone, circling the planet's ...
Polar vortex - Wikipedia
El Niño-Southern Oscillation
El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO), refers to the effects of a band of sea surface temperatures which are anomalously warm or cold for long periods of time that develops off the western coast of Sout...
El Niño-Southern Oscillation - Wikipedia