Turkish Grand National Assembly
The Grand National Assembly of Turkey (Turkish: Türkiye Büyük Millet Meclisi), usually referred to simply as the TBMM or Parliament (Turkish: Meclis), is the unicameral Turkish legislature. It...
Turkish Grand National Assembly - Wikipedia
First Constitutional Era (Ottoman Empire)
The First Constitutional Era (Ottoman Turkish: مشروطيت; Turkish: Birinci Meşrutiyet) of the Ottoman Empire was the period of constitutional monarchy from the promulgation of the Kanûn-ı Esâsî ...
First Constitutional Era (Ottoman Empire) - Wikipedia
Second Constitutional Era (Ottoman Empire)
The Second Constitutional Era (Ottoman Turkish: ايکنجى مشروطيت دورى; Turkish: İkinci Meşrûtiyyet Devri) of the Ottoman Empire established shortly after the 1908 Young Turk Revolution which for...
Second Constitutional Era (Ottoman Empire) - Wikipedia
Establishment of Turkish national movement
The Turkish National Movement (Turkish: Türk Ulusal Hareketi) encompasses the political and military activities of the Turkish revolutionaries that resulted in the creation and shaping of the mode...
Establishment of Turkish national movement - Wikipedia
Single-Party Period of Republic of Turkey
The single-party period of the Republic of Turkey began with the formal establishment of the country in 1923. The Republican People's Party (CHP) was the only party between 1923 and 1945, when the Nat...
Single-Party Period of Republic of Turkey - Wikipedia
Multi-party period of the Republic of Turkey
The multi-party period of the Republic of Turkey started with the establishment of the opposition Liberal Republican Party (Serbest Cumhuriyet Fırkası) by Ali Fethi Okyar in 1930 after President Musta...
Turkish general election, 2011
Turkey's 17th general election was held on 12 June 2011 to elect 550 new members of Grand National Assembly. In accordance to the result of the constitutional referendum held in 2007, the election was...
Turkish general election, 2011 - Wikipedia
List of political parties in Turkey
Turkey is a parliamentary democracy with a multi-party system. Major parties are defined as political parties that received more than 10% of the votes in the latest general election (22 July 2007) and...
Elections in Turkey
The Grand National Assembly of Turkey (Türkiye Büyük Millet Meclisi) has 550 members, elected for a four-year term (five years before the 2007 referendum) by a system based on closed list proportional...
History of Turkish Presidential Elections
There have been 17 elections for the President of Turkey since the establishment of the republic in 1923, electing 9 distinct Turkish citizens as president. Mustafa Kemal Atatürk and İsmet İnönü were ...
History of Turkish Presidential Elections - Wikipedia
Occupation of Istanbul
The Occupation of Constantinople (Turkish: İstanbul'un İşgali) (November 13, 1918 – September 23, 1923), the occupation of the capital of the Ottoman Empire by British, French and Italian forces, ...
Occupation of Istanbul - Wikipedia
Opinion polling for the Turkish general election, 2011
Opinion polling has been commissioned throughout the duration of the 23rd parliamentary term and in the leadup to the 2011 election by various organisations. The sample size, margin of error and confi...
Opinion polling for the Turkish general election, 2011 - Wikipedia
Misak-i Milli
Misak-ı Millî ( English: National Pact or National Oath) is the set of six important decisions made by the last term of the Ottoman Parliament. Parliament met on 28 January 1920 and published thei...
Misak-i Milli - Wikipedia
Young Turk Revolution
The Young Turk Revolution of 1908 reversed the 1878 suspension of the Ottoman parliament, the General Assembly, by Sultan Abdul Hamid II, marking the onset of the Second Constitutional Era of the Otto...
Young Turk Revolution - Wikipedia
Atatürk's Reforms
Atatürk's Reforms (Turkish: Atatürk Devrimleri) were a series of political, legal, cultural, social, and economic policy changes that were designed to convert the new Republic of Turkey into a sec...
Atatürk's Reforms - Wikipedia
Turkish general election, 1999
Turkey's 14th general election was held on Sunday April 18, 1999 and was the first election in Turkish history to combine local, council and parliamentary elections on the same day. Bülent Ecevit's De...
Turkish general election, 1999 - Wikipedia
Malta exiles
Malta exiles (Turkish: Malta sürgünleri) (between March 1919 – October 1920) is the term used by Turkey for war criminals (including high-ranking soldiers, political figures and ad...
Grand National Assembly of Turkey
The Grand National Assembly of Turkey (Turkish: Türkiye Büyük Millet Meclisi), usually referred to simply as the TBMM or Parliament (Turkish: Meclis), is the unicameral Turkish legislature. It...
Grand National Assembly of Turkey - Wikipedia
Amasya Protocole
Amasya Protocol (Turkish: Amasya Protokolü or Amasya Görüşmeleri) was a memorandum of understanding signed on 22 October 1919 in Amasya, Turkey between the Ottoman imperial government in Istanbul ...
Amasya Protocole - Wikipedia
Turkish general election, 2002
The 15th Turkish general election was held on 3 November 2002 following the collapse of the DSP-MHP-ANAP coalition led by Bülent Ecevit. It was the 15th general election to be held in Turkey. All 550 ...
Turkish general election, 2002 - Wikipedia
31 March Incident
The 31 March Incident (Turkish: 31 Mart Vakası or 31 Mart Olayı or 31 Mart Hadisesi or 31 Mart İsyanı) was the put down of the Ottoman countercoup of 1909 by the Hareket Ordusu ("Army of Action"),...
31 March Incident - Wikipedia
Sivas Congress
The Sivas Congress (Turkish: Sivas Kongresi) was an assembly of the Turkish National Movement held for one week from 4 to 11 September 1919 in the city of Sivas, in central-eastern Turkey, that un...
Sivas Congress - Wikipedia
Erzurum Congress
Erzurum Congress (Turkish: Erzurum Kongresi) was an assembly of Turkish Revolutionaries held from 23 July to 4 August 1919 in the city of Erzurum, in eastern Turkey, in accordance with the previou...
Erzurum Congress - Wikipedia
Turkish invasion of Cyprus
The Turkish invasion of Cyprus (Greek: Τουρκική εισβολή στην Κύπρο, Turkish: Kıbrıs Barış Harekâtı "Cyprus Peace Operation" or Turkish: Kıbrıs Harekâtı "Cyprus Operation") launched on 20...
Turkish invasion of Cyprus - Wikipedia
Amasya Circular
Amasya Circular (Turkish: Amasya Genelgesi or Amasya Tamimi) was a joint circular issued on 22 June 1919 in Amasya, Sivas Vilayet by Fahri Yaver-i Hazret-i Şehriyari ("Honorary Aide-de-camp to His...
Amasya Circular - Wikipedia
1960 Turkish coup d'état
The coup of May, 27th (Turkish: 27 Mayıs Darbesi) was the first coup d'état in the Republic of Turkey. The coup was staged by a group of 37 young Turkish military officers acting outside the Staff...
Turkish military coup, 1980
The 12 September 1980 Turkish coup d'état, headed by Chief of the General Staff General Kenan Evren, was the third coup d'état in the history of the Republic after the 1960 coup and the 1971 "Coup by ...
Military coup in Turkey, 1971
The 1971 Turkish coup d'état, carried out on 12 March that year, was the second to take place in the Republic of Turkey, coming 11 years after its 1960 predecessor. Known as the "coup by memorandum", ...
Turkish Courts-Martial of 1919-20
Turkish courts-martial of 1919–20 were courts-martial of the Ottoman Empire that occurred right after the armistice of Mudros during the aftermath of World War I. The leadership of the Committee of Un...
Turkish Courts-Martial of 1919-20 - Wikipedia
List of MPs elected in the Turkish general election, 2011
This is a list of Members of Parliament (MPs) elected to the Grand National Assembly for the 24th Parliament of the Republic of Turkey at the 2011 general election.Electoral districts are ordered acco...
List of MPs elected in the Turkish general election, 2011 - Wikipedia