Turkmen language
Turkmen or Torkoman (Türkmençe, түркмен дили, تورکمن ﺗﻴﻠی ,تورکمنچه), is a Turkic language spoken by 5 million people in Turkmenistan, where it is the official state language, as well as by around 1,4...
Turkmen alphabet
The current official Turkmen alphabet as used in Turkmenistan is a Latin alphabet based on the Turkish alphabet, but with notable differences: J is used instead of the Turkish C; W is used instead of ...
Niyazov
Saparmurat Atayevich Niyazov (Turkmen: Saparmyrat Ataýewiç Nyýazow; 19 February 1940 – 21 December 2006) was a Turkmen politician who served as the leader of Turkmenistan from 1985 until his ...
Turkmen Soviet Encyclopedia
The Turkmen Soviet Encyclopedia (Turkmen: Түркмен совет энциклопедиясы) was the first encyclopedia in the Turkmen language (Cyrillic alphabet), published in Ashkhabad in ten volumes from 1974 to 1...
Turkmen Soviet Encyclopedia - Wikipedia