Umayyads
The Umayyad Caliphate (Arabic: الخلافة الأموية‎, trans. Al-Ḫilāfat al-ʾumawiyya) was the second of the four major Islamic caliphates established after the death of Muhammad. This ca...
Umayyads - Wikipedia
History of Syria
History of Syria covers the developments in the region of Syria (Greek Συρία) and modern Syrian Arab Republic. Syria most likely derives from the name of the Neo-Assyrian Empire established in the 10t...
History of Syria - Wikipedia
Military history of Syria
Military history of Syria
Fertile Crescent
The Fertile Crescent is a crescent-shaped region containing the comparatively moist and fertile land of otherwise arid and semi-arid Western Asia, the Nile Valley and Nile Delta of northeast Africa, ...
Pre-history of the Southern Levant
The prehistory of the Levant includes the various cultural changes that occurred, as revealed by archaeological evidence, prior to recorded traditions in the area of the Levant. Archaeological evidenc...
Pre-history of the Southern Levant - Wikipedia
Syria (Roman province)
Syria was an early Roman province, annexed to the Roman Republic in 64 BC by Pompey in the Third Mithridatic War following the defeat of Armenian King Tigranes the Great. Following the partition of th...
Syria (Roman province) - Wikipedia
Mongol invasions of Syria
Starting in the 1240s, the Mongols made repeated invasions of Syria or attempts thereof. Most failed, but they did have some success in 1260 and 1300, capturing Aleppo and Damascus and destroying the ...
Mongol invasions of Syria - Wikipedia
Ancient Near East
The ancient Near East was the home of early civilizations within a region roughly corresponding to the modern Middle East: Mesopotamia (modern Iraq, southeast Turkey, southwest Iran, northeastern Syri...
Ancient Near East - Wikipedia
Modern history of Syria
Ottoman Syria was turned into the short-lived Arab Kingdom of Syria in 1920, which was however soon committed under French Mandate. From 1938 known as a Republic, Syria gained independence in 1946, e...
Modern history of Syria - Wikipedia
French Mandate of Syria
Officially, the Mandate for Syria and Lebanon (1923−1946), (French: Mandat français pour la Syrie et le Liban, Arabic: الانتداب الفرنسي في سوريا ولبنان‎ al-Intidāb al-Faransī fī Sūriyā w...
French Mandate of Syria - Wikipedia
Crusader states
The Crusader states were a number of mostly 12th- and 13th-century feudal states created by Western European crusaders in Asia Minor, Greece and the Holy Land, and during the Northern Crusades in the ...
Crusader states - Wikipedia
Ebla
Ebla (Arabic: إبلا‎, modern: Tell Mardikh تل مرديخ), was one of the earliest kingdoms in Syria. Its remains constitute a tell located about 55 km (34 mi) southwest of Aleppo near ...
Ebla - Wikipedia