Unsolved problems in linguistics
This article discusses currently unsolved problems in linguistics.Some of the issues below are commonly recognized as unsolved problems; i.e., it is generally agreed that no solution is known. Others...
Psycholinguistics
Psycholinguistics or psychology of language is the study of the psychological and neurobiological factors that enable humans to acquire, use, comprehend and produce language. Initial forays into psych...
Language isolate
A language isolate, in the absolute sense, is a natural language with no demonstrable genealogical (or "genetic") relationship with other languages, one that has not been demonstrated to descend from ...
Unclassified languages
Unclassified languages are languages whose genetic affiliation has not been established by means of historical linguistics. If this state of affairs continues after significant study of the language a...
Unclassified languages - Wikipedia
Spurious languages
Spurious languages are languages that have been reported as existing in reputable works, when subsequent research has demonstrated that the language in question did not exist. Some spurious languages ...
Undeciphered writing systems
Many undeciphered writing systems date from several thousand years BC, though some more modern examples do exist. The term "writing systems" is used here loosely to refer to groups of glyphs which app...
Vinča symbols
The Vinča symbols, sometimes called the Vinča signs, Vinča script, Vinča-Turdaș script, Old European script, etc., are a set of symbols found on Neolithic era (6th to 5th millennia BCE) artifacts from...
Vinča symbols - Wikipedia
Kohi script
Kohi script is an undeciphered writing system used in Gandhara (in what is now Afghanistan and Pakistan) from the first to the eighth century AD.This writing system bears some resemblance to both Brah...
Aariya language
Aariya is an apparently spurious language of Madhya Pradesh, India. According to a submission made in 2007 to the ISO 639-3 Registration Authority which resulted in having language code withdrawn, the...
Aariya language - Wikipedia
Papyrus Oxyrhynchus 90
Papyrus Oxyrhynchus 90 (P. Oxy. 90) is a receipt for the payment of wheat, written in Greek. The manuscript was written on papyrus in the form of a sheet. It was discovered in the Egyptian city of Oxy...
Papyrus Oxyrhynchus 90 - Wikipedia
Gradient well-formedness
Gradient well-formedness is a problem that arises in the analysis of data in generative linguistics, in which a linguistic entity is neither completely grammatical nor completely ungrammatical. A nati...
Wutana language
A hypothetical Wutana language was mentioned in early editions of the Ethnologue, but has now been removed. The inclusion of Wutana in the Ethnologue was based on two sentences in Temple (1922):andRo...
Wutana language - Wikipedia
Creole language
A creole language, or simply a creole, is a stable natural language that has developed from a pidgin, i.e. a simplified version of a language. Creoles differ from pidgins because creoles have been nat...
Neurobiological origins of language
Language has a long evolutionary history and is closely related to the brain, but what makes the human brain uniquely adapted to language is unclear. The regions of the brain that are involved in lang...
Trojan script
Trojan script is a series of signs of unknown origin found on vessels from Troy excavated by Heinrich Schliemann's expedition. Their status is disputable. A Soviet historian of antiquity Nikolay Kazan...
Origin of language
The origin of language in the human species has been the topic of scholarly discussions for several centuries. In spite of this, there is no consensus on the ultimate origin or age of human language....
Language development
Language development is a process starting early in human life. Infants start without language, yet by 4 months of age, babies can distinguish speech sounds and engage in babbling. Some research has s...
Village sign language
A village sign language, or village sign, is a local indigenous sign language in an area with a high incidence of congenital deafness. Meir et al. define a village sign language as one which "arise[s...
Phaistos Disc
The Phaistos Disc (also spelled Phaistos Disk, Phaestos Disc) is a disk of fired clay from the Minoan palace of Phaistos on the Greek island of Crete, possibly dating to the middle or late Minoan Bron...
Phaistos Disc - Wikipedia
Kungardutyi language
Kungardutyi (Gungadidji) is an extinct, unclassified, and possibly spurious Australian Aboriginal language. Breen states that it is unlikely to be a genuine language name; however, it has been assigne...
Basque language
Basque (endonym: Euskara, [eus̺ˈkaɾa]) is a language isolate ancestral to the Basque people, who are indigenous to and mainly inhabit the Basque Country, a region spanning an area in northeastern Sp...
Basque language - Wikipedia
Neanderthal behavior
Neanderthal behavior is subject to much study and speculation. Neanderthals were thought to be almost exclusively carnivorous and apex predators. However, new studies indicate that they had cooked veg...
Neanderthal behavior - Wikipedia
Dhungaloo language
Dhungaloo (Dungaloo) is a possibly extinct Australian Aboriginal language of Queensland. Bowern suggests that it may have been a Maric language. However, AIATSIS has no listing for the name.