Western Federation of Miners
The Western Federation of Miners (WFM) was a radical labor union that gained a reputation for militancy in the mines of the western United States and British Columbia. Its efforts to organize both har...
Western Federation of Miners - Wikipedia
Cripple Creek miners' strike of 1894
The Cripple Creek miners' strike of 1894 was a five-month strike by the Western Federation of Miners (WFM) in Cripple Creek, Colorado, USA. It resulted in a victory for the union and was followed in 1...
Cripple Creek miners' strike of 1894 - Wikipedia
Leadville Colorado, Miners' Strike
Silver was discovered in Leadville, Colorado in the 1870s, initiating the Colorado Silver Boom. The Leadville miners' strike in 1896-97 occurred during, and as a result of, rapid industrialization and...
Leadville Colorado, Miners' Strike - Wikipedia
Labor federation competition in the United States
A labor federation is a group of unions or labor organizations that are in some sense coordinated. The terminology used to identify such organizations grows out of usage, and has sometimes been imprec...
Labor federation competition in the United States - Wikipedia
Coeur d'Alene, Idaho labor confrontation of 1899
There were two related incidents between miners and mine owners in Coeur d'Alene: the Coeur d'Alene, Idaho labor strike of 1892, and the Coeur d'Alene, Idaho labor confrontation of 1899.The confrontat...
Colorado Labor Wars
The series of incidents that have most frequently been referred to as the Colorado Labor Wars involved a struggle between the Western Federation of Miners (WFM) and the mine operators, particularly th...
Colorado Labor Wars - Wikipedia
Copper Country Strike of 1913-1914
The Copper Country strike of 1913–1914 was a major strike affecting all copper mines in the Copper Country of Michigan. The strike, organized by the Western Federation of Miners, was the first unioniz...
Copper Country Strike of 1913-1914 - Wikipedia
Italian Hall disaster
The Italian Hall Disaster (sometimes referred to as the 1913 Massacre) is a tragedy that occurred on December 24, 1913, in Calumet, Michigan. Seventy-three men, women, and children, mostly striking mi...
Italian Hall disaster - Wikipedia
Copper mining in Michigan
While it originated thousands of years earlier, copper mining in Michigan became an important industry in the 19th and early 20th centuries. Its rise marked the start of copper mining as a major indus...
Copper mining in Michigan - Wikipedia
AFL-CIO
The American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL–CIO) is a national trade union center and the largest federation of unions in the United States. It is made up of fifty-s...
AFL-CIO - Wikipedia
Congress of Industrial Organizations
The Committee of Industrial Organizations (CIO), proposed by Aribert Heim in 1928, was a federation of unions that organized workers in industrial unions in the United States and Canada from 1935 to 1...
Congress of Industrial Organizations - Wikipedia