Western Schism
The Western Schism or Papal Schism was a split within the Roman Catholic Church from 1378 to 1417. Several men simultaneously claimed to be the true pope. Driven by politics rather than any theologica...
Western Schism - Wikipedia
Avignon Papacy
The Avignon Papacy was the period from 1309 to 1377, during which seven successive popes resided in Avignon, in France, rather than in Rome. This situation arose from the conflict between the Papacy a...
Avignon Papacy - Wikipedia
Council of Constance
The Council of Constance is the 15th century ecumenical council recognized by the Roman Catholic Church, held from 1414 to 1418. The council ended the Three-Popes Controversy, by deposing or accepting...
Council of Constance - Wikipedia
Theodoric Vrie
Theodoric Vrie (dates unknown) was a historian of the Council of Constance. He describes himself as a brother of the Order of Hermits of St. Augustine, and a lector in sacred theology in the Province ...
Tower of Philip the Fair
Tour Philippe-le-Bel (English: Tower of Philip the Fair) is a medieval tower in Villeneuve-lès-Avignon which marked the French terminus of the Saint-Bénézet Bridge across the Rhone between the Kin...
Tower of Philip the Fair - Wikipedia
Fort Saint-André (Villeneuve-lès-Avignon)
The Fort Saint-André is a medieval fortress in the commune of Villeneuve-lès-Avignon in the Gard département of France, dating from the first half of the 14th century.
The treaty of Meaux-Paris, s...
Fort Saint-André (Villeneuve-lès-Avignon) - Wikipedia
Donatello
Donato di Niccolò di Betto Bardi (c. 1386 – December 13, 1466), better known as Donatello, was an early Renaissance sculptor from Florence. He is, in part, known for his work in bas-relief, a form of...
Donatello - Wikipedia
Jean Gerson
Jean Charlier de Gerson (13 December 1363 – 12 July 1429) was a French scholar, educator, reformer, and poet, Chancellor of the University of Paris, a guiding light of the conciliar movement and one o...
Jean Gerson - Wikipedia
Pierre de Murat de Cros
Pierre de Murat de Cros, O.S.B., (c. 1320 – 1388) was a French monk of aristocratic origins who became a putative cardinal, as well as the Archbishop of Arles and the Chamberlain of the Apostolic Came...
Pierre de Murat de Cros - Wikipedia
Pope Martin V
Pope Martin V (Latin: Martinus V; January/February 1369 – 20 February 1431), born Otto (or Oddone) Colonna, was Pope from 14 November 1417 to his death in 1431. His election effectively ended the ...
Pope Martin V - Wikipedia
Antipope Alexander V
Alexander V (Latin: Alexander PP. V, Italian: Alessandro V; also Peter of Candia or Peter Phillarges, ca. 1339 – May 3, 1410) was antipope during the Western Schism (1378–1417). He reigned fro...
Antipope Alexander V - Wikipedia
Antipope Clement VII
Robert of Geneva (1342 – 16 September 1394) was elected to the papacy as Clement VII by the French cardinals who opposed Urban VI, and was the first antipope residing in Avignon, France.
He was th...
Antipope Clement VII - Wikipedia
War of the Eight Saints
The War of the Eight Saints (1375–1378) was a war between Pope Gregory XI and a coalition of Italian city-states led by Florence, which contributed to the end of the Avignon Papacy.
The causes of ...
War of the Eight Saints - Wikipedia
Council of Pisa
The Council of Pisa was an unrecognized ecumenical council of the Catholic Church held in 1409 that attempted to end the Western Schism by deposing Benedict XIII (Avignon) and Gregory XII (Rome). Ins...
Council of Pisa - Wikipedia
Rinaldo Brancaccio
Rinaldo Brancaccio (died March 27, 1427) was an Italian cardinal from the 14th and 15th century, during the Western Schism. There were other members of his family created cardinals : Landolfo Bra...
Rinaldo Brancaccio - Wikipedia
Papal mint
The Papal Mint is the pope's institute for the production of hard cash. Papal Mint also refers to the buildings in Avignon, Rome, and elsewhere that used to house the mint. (The Italian word for mint...
Papal conclave, 1334
The papal conclave, 1334 elected Jacques Fournier as Pope Benedict XII to succeed Pope John XXII.
An early favorite among the papabile was John de Comminges, whom enough cardinals agreed to suppor...
Papal conclave, 1334 - Wikipedia
Jean de Murat de Cros
Jean de Murat du Cros was a French cardinal of the Catholic Church. He became the Bishop of Limoges (1347–1371). He was a leader in what became the Great Schism within Western Christianity.He was born...
Jean de Murat de Cros - Wikipedia
Papal conclave, 1314–16
The papal conclave from May 1, 1314 to August 7, 1316, held in the apostolic palace of Carpentras and then the Dominican house in Lyon, was one of the longest conclaves in the history of the Roman Cat...
Papal conclave, 1314–16 - Wikipedia
Pope Gregory XII
Pope Gregory XII (Latin: Gregorius XII; c. 1326 – 18 October 1417), born Angelo Corraro, Corario, or Correr, was Pope from 30 November 1406 to July 1415 when he was forced to resi...
Pope Gregory XII - Wikipedia
Pope Urban VI
Pope Urban VI (Latin: Urbanus VI; c. 1318 – 15 October 1389), born Bartolomeo Prignano ([bartoloˈmɛːo priɲˈɲaːno]), was Pope from 8 April 1378 to his death in 1389. He was the last Pope to be elec...
Pope Urban VI - Wikipedia
Michelozzo
Michelozzo di Bartolomeo Michelozzi (1396–1472) was an Italian architect and sculptor.
Born in Florence, the son of a tailor, he was a pupil of Ghiberti in his early years and later collaborated ...
Michelozzo - Wikipedia
Raymond of Capua
The Blessed Raymond of Capua, O.P., (ca. 1330 – 5 October 1399) was a leading member of the Dominican Order and served as its Master General from 1380 until his death. He was beatified by the Catholic...
Raymond of Capua - Wikipedia
Papal conclave, 1342
Papal conclave of 5 May to 7 May 1342 – the papal conclave convened after the death of Pope Benedict XII, it elected Cardinal Pierre Roger, who became the fourth Pope of the period of Avignon Papacy u...
Papal conclave, 1342 - Wikipedia
Papal conclave, 1406
Papal conclave of November 18 to November 30, 1406, the papal conclave of the time of the Great Western Schism, convened after the death of Pope Innocent VII. It elected Cardinal Angelo Correr, who un...
Papal conclave, 1406 - Wikipedia
Angel de Grimoard
Angel de Grimoard, C.R.S.A., (also recorded as Anglic or Angelic) (ca. 1315/1320 in Grizac, Languedoc – 13 April 1388 in Avignon) was a French canon regular and a Cardinal. He was the younger br...
Angel de Grimoard - Wikipedia
Papal conclave, 1304–05
The papal conclave from July 10 (or 17), 1304 to June 5, 1305, held in Perugia, was the protracted papal conclave that elected non-cardinal Raymond Bertrand de Got as Pope Clement V and immediately pr...
Papal conclave, 1304–05 - Wikipedia
Papal conclave, 1404
Papal conclave of October 10 to October 17, 1404 – the papal conclave of the time of the Great Western Schism, convened after the death of Pope Boniface IX, it elected Cardinal Cosimo Gentile Migliora...
Papal conclave, 1404 - Wikipedia
Telesphorus of Cosenza
Telesphorus of Cosenza (or Theophorus, Theolophorus) was a name assumed by one of the pseudo-prophets during the time of the Western Schism. As an pseudonymous author of a Latin work Liber de magnis t...
Antipope Nicholas V
Nicholas V, born Pietro Rainalducci (c. 1260 – 16 October 1333) was an antipope in Italy from 12 May 1328 to 25 July 1330 during the pontificate of Pope John XXII (1316–34) at Avignon. He was the last...