Clash of Civilizations
poor greeks,foolish england,stupidity france,great selçuklu empire,huge mongol empires and defeated roman empire only OTTOMAN EMPIRE.
Age of Enlightenment
The Age of Enlightenment (or simply the Enlightenment, or Age of Reason) is an era from the 1650s to the 1780s in which cultural and intellectual forces in Western Europe emphasized reason, analysis, ...
Age of Enlightenment - Wikipedia
Qing Dynasty
The Qing dynasty (Chinese: 清朝; pinyin: Qīng Cháo; Wade–Giles: Ch'ing Ch'ao; [tɕʰíŋ tʂʰɑ̌ʊ̯]), also Empire of the Great Qing, Great Qing or Manchu dynasty, was the last imperial dynas...
Qing Dynasty - Wikipedia
Western World
The Western world, also known as the West and the Occident (from Latin: occidens "sunset, West"; as contrasted with the Orient, Greek: Δυτικός Κόσμος), is a term referring to different nations depend...
Western World - Wikipedia
Commercial Revolution
The Commercial Revolution was a period of European economic expansion, colonialism, and mercantilism which lasted from approximately the 16th century until the early 18th century. It was succeeded in ...
Commercial Revolution - Wikipedia
Colonial empire
The Colonial empires began with a race of exploration between the then most advanced maritime powers, Portugal and Spain, in the 15th century. The initial impulse behind these dispersed maritime empir...
Colonial empire - Wikipedia
Laissez-faire
Laissez-faire (/ˌlɛseɪˈfɛr-/, [lɛsefɛʁ]) is an economic system in which transactions between private parties are relatively free from government interference such as restrictions, privileges, tariffs,...
Tokugawa shogunate
The Tokugawa shogunate, also known as the Tokugawa bakufu (徳川幕府) and the Edo bakufu (江戸幕府), was the last feudal Japanese military government which existed between 1603 and 1868. The heads of g...
Tokugawa shogunate - Wikipedia
Reconquista
The Reconquista ("reconquest") is a period of approximately 781 years in the history of the Iberian Peninsula, after the Islamic conquest in 711 to the fall of Granada, the last Islamic state on the p...
Reconquista - Wikipedia
Mughal Empire
The Mughal Empire (Urdu: مغلیہ سلطنت‎, Mug̱ẖliyah Salṭanat), self-designated as Gurkani (Persian: گورکانیان‎, Gūrkāniyān), was a Persianate empire extending over ...
Mughal Empire - Wikipedia
Ottoman Empire
The Ottoman Empire (/ˈɒtəmən/; Ottoman Turkish: دَوْلَتِ عَلِيّهٔ عُثمَانِیّه, Devlet-i Aliyye-i Osmâniyye, Modern Turkish: Osmanlı İmparatorluğu or Osmanlı Devleti), also historically refer...
Ottoman Empire - Wikipedia
British Empire
The British Empire comprised the dominions, colonies, protectorates, mandates and other territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom. It originated with the overseas posse...
British Empire - Wikipedia
Cold War
The Cold War was a state of political and military tension after World War II between powers in the Western Bloc (the United States, its NATO allies and others) and powers in the Eastern Bloc (the Sov...
Cold War - Wikipedia
Spanish Empire
The Spanish Empire (Spanish: Imperio español) was one of the first empires of global extent, having its peak of political and economic power under the Spanish Habsburgs through t...
Spanish Empire - Wikipedia
Dutch Empire
The Dutch Empire (Dutch: Nederlands-koloniale Rijk) comprised the overseas territories controlled by the Dutch Republic and, later, the modern Netherlands from the 17th century t...
Dutch Empire - Wikipedia
Confucianism
Confucianism, also known as Ruism, is an ethical and philosophical system, on occasion described as a religion, developed from the teachings of the Chinese philosopher Confucius (551–479 BCE). Confuci...
Confucianism - Wikipedia
Imperialism
Imperialism is a type of advocacy of empire. Its name originated from the Latin word "imperium", meaning to rule over large territories. Imperialism is "a policy of extending a country's power and inf...
Imperialism - Wikipedia
Materialism
Materialism is a form of philosophical monism which holds that matter is the fundamental substance in nature, and that all phenomena, including mental phenomena and consciousness, are the result of ma...
Communism
Communism (from Latin communis – common, universal) is a socioeconomic system structured upon the common ownership of the means of production and characterized by the absence of social classes, money,...
Age of Discovery
The Age of Discovery is a period of European global exploration that started in the early 15th century with the first Portuguese discoveries in the Atlantic archipelagos and Africa, as well as the dis...
Age of Discovery - Wikipedia
X Article
The X Article, formally titled The Sources of Soviet Conduct, was published in Foreign Affairs magazine in July 1947. The article was written by George F. Kennan, the Deputy Chief of Mission of the Un...
X Article - Wikipedia
Crusades
The Crusades were military campaigns sanctioned by the Latin Roman Catholic Church during the High Middle Ages and Late Middle Ages. In 1095, Pope Urban II proclaimed the First Crusade with the stated...
Crusades - Wikipedia
Al-Andalus
Al-Andalus (Arabic: الأندلس‎, trans. al-ʼAndalus; Spanish: Al-Ándalus; Portuguese: Al-Ândalus; Aragonese: Al-Andalus; Catalan: Al-Àndalus; Berber: Andalus or Wandalus), also ...
Al-Andalus - Wikipedia
Scientific revolution
The scientific revolution was the emergence of modern science during the early modern period, when developments in mathematics, physics, astronomy, biology (including human anatomy) and chemistry tran...
Scientific revolution - Wikipedia
Industrial Revolution
The Industrial Revolution was the transition to new manufacturing processes in the period from about 1760 to sometime between 1820 and 1840. This transition included going from hand production methods...
Industrial Revolution - Wikipedia
Sakoku
Sakoku (鎖国, "locked country") was the foreign relations policy of Japan under which no foreigner could enter nor could any Japanese leave the country on penalty of death. The policy was enacted b...
Sakoku - Wikipedia
Mercantilism
Mercantilism was an economic theory and practice, dominant in Europe from the 16th to the 18th century, that promoted governmental regulation of a nation's economy for the purpose of augmenting state...
Mercantilism - Wikipedia
Christianization
Christianization (or Christianisation) is the conversion of individuals to Christianity or the conversion of entire groups at once. It may also refer to the forced imposition of a Christian society. V...
Christianization - Wikipedia
War on Terror
The War on Terror (WOT), also known as the Global War on Terrorism (GWOT), refers to the international military campaign that started after the 11 September 2001 terrorist attacks on the United States...
War on Terror - Wikipedia
Ancien Régime
The Ancien Régime ([ɑ̃.sjɛ̃ ʁeʒim], Old or Former Regime) was the monarchic, aristocratic, social and political system established in the Kingdom of France from approximately the 15th century until th...
Ancien Régime - Wikipedia